Factsheet #6

Crosscutting planning instrument on national level (Inter-agency programmes)

Instrument Type


Governance Level


Governance Mode


Water management topics addressed

Drought & water scarcity
Water abstraction for irrigation and other economic activities
Water quality issues due to nutrient pollution
Water quality issues: Other reasons

Implementation requirements

Financial capacity


Human capacity


Political buy-in


Timeframe for implementation


#6: Crosscutting planning instrument on national level (Inter-agency programmes)


The crosscutting planning instrument is based on a joint effort of the central government, the provinces, municipal councils and regional water authorities, in close co-operation with social organizations and businesses.


The instrument aims to provide the basis for pragmatic decisions meant to be backed-up by financed projects to ensure implementation. It can have a specific focus on a water issues, e.g. water supplies or water quality. Normally, it needs to be complemented with other robust instruments to effectively contribute to solving a water-related challenge.

Example: The DELTA Program in the Netherlands

The DELTA Program is a cross-cutting planning instrument in the Netherlands. It was established to enhance the proection from flood risks and ensure the supply of freshwater in the country. It is an example of a flexible approach to , based on the data collected by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. In 2011, a multi- dialogue, technical calculations and assumptions resulted in the definition of five priority areas for flood risks management and fresh water supply, which were effectively implemented starting from the following year. The priorities areas comprehend specific regional vulnerabilities regarding water level, standards for water safety, in the supply of freshwater and urban renewal with consideration to potential flooding and heat stress.


OECD (2014). Water Governance in the Netherlands – Fit for the future? OECD Studies on Water. (p. 124). https://www.oecd.org/governance/water-governance-in-the-netherlands-9789264102637-en.htm Retrieved on 22 September 2020.

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