Factsheet #64

National Environmental Management Act

Instrument Type


Governance Level


Governance Mode


Water management topics addressed

Drought & water scarcity
Water abstraction for irrigation and other economic activities
Water quality issues due to nutrient pollution
Water quality issues: Other reasons

Implementation requirements

Financial capacity


Human capacity


Political buy-in


Timeframe for implementation


#64: National Environmental Management Act


The aim of acts of this kind is to provide for integrated and cooperative environmental by establishing principles for decision-making on matters affecting the environment.


The act charges institutions with promoting cooperative and procedures for coordinating environmental functions exercised by organs of site, as well as providing for matters connected therewith.

Example: National Envirnomental Management Act in South Africa

The aim of the National Environmental Management Act in South Africa is to design a cooperative environmental , and to guide development. By laying down, among other aspects, the principles of protection of people’s social interest, the equitable access to environmental resources, and the responsibility for the consequences of policy on the environment, this legislation aims to promote an integrated environmental management. With this is meant a path of development that is socially and environmentally sustainable, besides the more immediate economic aspects anyways mentioned as a necessary components of the country’s vision of its future.


South African Government Gazette (1998). National environmental management act
https://www.wylie.co.za/wp-content/uploads/NATIONAL-ENVIRONMENTAL-MANAGEMENT-ACT-NO.-107-OF-1998.pdf Retrieved on 22 September 2020

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