Factsheet #53

Water Pollution Law

Instrument Type


Governance Level


Governance Mode


Water management topics addressed

Drought & water scarcity
Water abstraction for irrigation and other economic activities
Water quality issues due to nutrient pollution
Water quality issues: Other reasons

Implementation requirements

Financial capacity


Human capacity


Political buy-in


Timeframe for implementation


#53: Water Pollution Law


A Water Pollution Law regulates fees for discharging wastewater, exemptions for certain user groups and reductions for recycled water. It applies to all private entities and public entities that discharge wastewater.


The law puts forward a system to regulate direct and indirect discharges of pollutants in the water. It has the aim to to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of a country's waters.

Example: The Mongolian Law on Water Pollution

The Mongolian Law on Water Pollution defines water pollution as an alteration of the natural composition of water and the consequent deterioration of its quality as a direct or indirect result of human activity. The law establishes the imposition of sanctions on individuals, economic entities and organisations for illegal discharging of wastewater and other practices of water pollution. The law further establishes a system of fees collected to finance a fund that is employed to support the reduction of pollution and the treatment of wastewater.


STEER (2019). Assessment of variables in the five in-depth case studies of the STEER project (p. 319)

Law of Mongolia on Water. Unofficial Translation. http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/mon154470.pdf Retrieved 24 September 2020

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