Case Study #73

Outapi town

Namibia experiences long periods of drought followed by extreme rains. As a proper rain water management is missing in Outapi’s urban land use planning, regular flooding causes severe damages. (copyright: Emschergenossenschaft, Matthias Hower)

Governance Level


Water management topics addressed


#73: Outapi town


Namibia is one of the driest countries in sub-Saharan Africa. There are very strong fluctuations in precipitation and temperature, which are challenging. Vegetation and land are overexploited due to livestock farming. No proper rain is in place, and coordination is missing; rain water management is not included in urban land use planning.  Overall, there is no understanding of environmental issues.  In Outapi, there are two institutions with  regulatory power: State-official (e.g. Council) government, and traditional, local royalty.

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